Explan:past participle - active
The past participle - active is a type of verbal adjective; that is a word which functions as an adjective, but is derived from a verbal root.
Derivation[edit | edit source]
The Active Past Participle also called the Perfect Participle Active are a rare set of past participles formed by adding -vā or -vī (from the possessive -vat/-vant & -vin) to the past participle stem itself, which then become specifically active in meaning.
The past participle passive stems end as follows:
- -gga, -tta, -ttha, -ddha, -nta or -ḷha,
As these are rare I believe only the endings formed from -ta need to be considered. So theoretically at least, we get the following Perfect Participle Active bases endings with -vā:
- -ggavā, -ttavā, -tthavā, -ddhavā, -ntavā or -ḷhavā,
So for instance:
Root. P. P. P. Base P. P. A. Base √pac, to cook, pacita, cooked, pacitavā, having cooked. √bhuj, to eat, bhutta, eaten, bhuttavā, having eaten. √kar, to do, kata, made, katavā, having made.
And when the participles are formed with the suffix -vī (from -vin), the -a- before the -vī is lengthened to -āvin.
- -ggāvī, -ttāvī, -tthāvī, -ddhāvī, -ntāvī or -ḷhāvī,